Endothelial cell chemotaxis
About:Endothelial cell chemotaxis is a research topic. Over the lifetime, 101 publications have been published within this topic receiving 10219 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR:ELR基序建议的功能作用determining the angiogenic or angiostatic potential of CXC chemokines, supporting the hypothesis that the net biological balance between angiogenicity and angiOSTatic CXCs may play an important role in regulating overall angiogenesis.
Abstract:In this study, we demonstrate that the CXC family of chemokines displays disparate angiogenic activity depending upon the presence or absence of the ELR motif. CXC chemokines containing the ELR motif (ELR-CXC chemokines) were found to be potent angiogenic factors, inducing both in vitro endothelial chemotaxis and in vivo corneal neovascularization. In contrast, the CXC chemokines lacking the ELR motif, platelet factor 4, interferon γ-inducible protein 10, and monokine induced by γ-interferon, not only failed to induce significant in vitro endothelial cell chemotaxis or in vivo corneal neovacularization but were found to be potent angiostatic factors in the presence of either ELR-CXC chemokines or the unrelated angiogenic factor, basic fibroblast growth factor. Additionally, mutant interleukin-8 proteins lacking the ELR motif demonstrated potent angiostatic effects in the presence of either ELR-CXC chemokines or basic fibroblast growth factor. In contrast, a mutant of monokine induced by γ-interferon containing the ELR motif was found to induce in vivo angiogenic activity. These findings suggest a functional role of the ELR motif in determining the angiogenic or angiostatic potential of CXC chemokines, supporting the hypothesis that the net biological balance between angiogenic and angiostatic CXC chemokines may play an important role in regulating overall angiogenesis.
TL;DR:The results suggest a model of wound angiogenesis in which an initial angiogenic stimulus is supplied by fibroblast growth factor-2, followed by a subsequent and more prolonged ang iogenic stimulus mediated by VEGF.
Abstract:Angiogenesis is an essential component of normal wound repair, yet the primary mediators of wound angiogenesis have not been well described. The current study characterizes the contribution of vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF) to the angiogenic environment of human surgical wounds. Surgical wound fluid samples (n = 70) were collected daily for up to 7 postoperative days (POD) from 14 patients undergoing mastectomy or neck dissection. VEGF levels in surgical wound fluid were lowest on POD 0, approximating values of serum, but increased steadily through POD 7. An opposite pattern was noted for basic fibroblast growth factor-2. Fibroblast growth factor-2, which has been previously described as a wound angiogenic factor, exhibited highest levels at POD 0, declining to near serum levels by POD 3. Surgical wound fluid form all time points stimulated marked endothelial cell chemotaxis and induced a brisk neovascular response in the rat corneal micropocket angiogenesis assay. Antibody neutralization of VEGF did not affect the in vitro chemotactic or the in vivo angiogenic activity early wound samples (POD 0). In contrast, VEGF neutralization significantly attenuated both chemotactic activity (mean decrease 76 +/- 13%, P < 0.01) and angiogenic activity (5 of 5 samples affected) of later wound samples (POD 3 and 6). The results suggest a model of wound angiogenesis in which an initial angiogenic stimulus is supplied by fibroblast growth factor-2, followed by a subsequent and more prolonged angiogenic stimulus mediated by VEGF.
TL;DR:Data indicate that paclitaxel has a strong antiangiogenic activity, a property that might contribute to its antineoplastic activity in vivo, which is not linked to its cytotoxicity.
Abstract:大调的内皮细胞迁移是一个关键事件ing angiogenesis, and inhibitors of cell motility can affect the angiogenic process. Paclitaxel (Taxol(R)), a microtubule-stabilizing antineoplastic cytotoxic drug, inhibits motility and invasiveness of several cell types. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of paclitaxel on endothelial cell functions and on angiogenesis. In vivo, paclitaxel (20-28 mg/kg i.v.) significantly inhibited the angiogenic response induced by tumor cell supernatant embedded in a pellet of reconstituted basement membrane (Matrigel) injected s.c. into C57BL/6N mice. In vitro, paclitaxel inhibited endothelial cell proliferation, motility, invasiveness, and cord formation on Matrigel in a dose-dependent manner. The antiangiogenic activity of paclitaxel was not linked to its cytotoxicity, since inhibition of endothelial cell chemotaxis and invasiveness occurred at drug concentrations which did not affect endothelial cell proliferation. Another cytotoxic drug, cisplatin, that inhibited endothelial cell proliferation in vitro, did not affect angiogenesis in vivo. These data indicate that paclitaxel has a strong antiangiogenic activity, a property that might contribute to its antineoplastic activity in vivo.
TL;DR:It is found that microvascular endothelial cell chemotaxis in response to ELR+ CXC chemokines was inhibited by anti-CXCR2 Abs, suggesting a role for G protein-linked receptor mechanisms in this biological response.
Abstract:We have previously shown that members of the ELR(+) CXC chemokine family, including IL-8; growth-related oncogenes alpha, beta, and gamma; granulocyte chemotactic protein 2; and epithelial neutrophil-activating protein-78, can mediate angiogenesis in the absence of preceding inflammation. To date, the receptor on endothelial cells responsible for chemotaxis and neovascularization mediated by these ELR(+) CXC chemokines has not been determined. Because all ELR(+) CXC chemokines bind to CXC chemokine receptor 2 (CXCR2), we hypothesized that CXCR2 is the putative receptor for ELR(+) CXC chemokine-mediated angiogenesis. To test this postulate, we first determined whether cultured human microvascular endothelial cells expressed CXCR2. CXCR2 was detected in human microvascular endothelial cells at the protein level by both Western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry using polyclonal Abs specific for human CXCR2. To determine whether CXCR2 played a functional role in angiogenesis, we determined whether this receptor was involved in endothelial cell chemotaxis. We found that microvascular endothelial cell chemotaxis in response to ELR(+) CXC chemokines was inhibited by anti-CXCR2 Abs. In addition, endothelial cell chemotaxis in response to ELR(+) CXC chemokines was sensitive to pertussis toxin, suggesting a role for G protein-linked receptor mechanisms in this biological response. The importance of CXCR2 in mediating ELR(+) CXC chemokine-induced angiogenesis in vivo was also demonstrated by the lack of angiogenic activity induced by ELR(+) CXC chemokines in the presence of neutralizing Abs to CXCR2 in the rat corneal micropocket assay, or in the corneas of CXCR2(-/-) mice. We thus conclude that CXCR2 is the receptor responsible for ELR(+) CXC chemokine-mediated angiogenesis.